16.667 is a Flicker web film by Yvette Granata.
Rather than a flickering light in a theater, 16.667 plays with the interference between the refresh rates of computer monitors and web browsers.
Gilles Deleuze writes, "when the flickerings multiply the interstices like irrational cuts (Tony Conrad’s The Flicker) ... The film does not record the filmic process in this way without projecting a cerebral process. A flickering brain, which relinks or creates loops —this is cinema. . . a cinema of expansion without camera, and also without screen or film stock. Everything can be used as a screen, the body of a protagonist or even the bodies of the spectators."
I wanted it to flicker at 1/1000 of a second (1 ms, or 1000 frames per second), to make it imperceptible. The threshold of the monitor, however, is set at the perceptual threshold of human perception. I cannot make an imperceptible flicker film on the web. 16.667 ms is the fastest that it will blink because the monitor has a fixed refresh rate of 60 hertz and the browser about 50hertz. It won’t ever flicker on the screen at 1 millisecond. The lowest constant rate is 16.667ms.
On the left hand side, click through the speeds. The web browser will play the animation at 1 ms. You will never fully "see" it at this rate because the monitor refresh rate will interfere.
Go to 2 ms, 3 ms. It will get faster as you approach 16.
Sometimes it will go slower. This is the browser interacting with the monitor. One through 4ms appear rather slow blinking, then go to 5 and 7, suddenly super fast.
This is (one of the reasons why) the human perceptual threshold is the tyranny of the internet.
This project is an homage to the Flicker films by Tony Conrad, my former teacher.
**TL;DR:** On the left hand side, click through the speeds, 1ms, 2ms, 3ms, etc.
The web browser will play the animation at 1 millisecond (1ms), 2ms, 3ms, etc. You will never fully "see" it at the rates below 16.667 ms because the monitor refresh rate (60hz) will interfere
with the browser refresh rate (~60 fps).
16.667 ms is the threshold of perception on the internet.